• RESPONSE TO CARIES
• FACTORS AFFECTING
• RESPONSE TO RESTORATIVE TECHNIQUES
• RESPONSE TO RESTORATIVE MATERIAL[...]
ACCORDING TO GROSSMAN:
Root canal instrument may be divided into 4 types based on their function.
1. Explorer : To locate the canal orifice and to determine or assist in obtaining patency of the root canal.
2. Instruments used for Debridement: To extirpate the pulp and to remove debris and other foreign material.[...]
ISO grouping of endodontic instruments makes convenient a classification according to their manufacture, usage, cutting ability, strength and weakness. In due time ISO Federation Dentaire internationale committee grouped RC instruments according to the method of their use.[...]
1. M3 PROGOLD ROTARY FILES:
The files are available in assorted and individual sizes. It has advanced memory alloy technology. Time of resistance to cyclic fatigue is upto 720 seconds. It is suitable for curved canals. It reserves the dentine as much as possible. It has a reliable tip design. They avoid ledge. They are a minimal invasive therapy for root canals.[...]
Pathologic changes in gingiva occur due to the presence of microbes in the gingival sulcus Clinical Features: Acute gingivitis → diffuse softening, vesicle formation Chronic gingivitis → pits on pressure, leathery consistency[...]
Successful root canal treatment is based on: establishing an accurate diagnosis and developing an appropriate treatment plan; applying knowledge of tooth anatomy and morphology (shape); and performing the debridement, disinfection, and obturation of the entire root canal system.[...]
Interappointment flare-up is a true emergency and is so severe that an unscheduled patient visit is required and treatment performed. It usually commences within a few hours or days after the rot canal procedures.[...]
According to Tylman, tooth preparation has been defined as the mechanical treatment of dental disease or injury to hard tissues that restores a tooth to original form.[...]